Friday, January 11, 2013

Paradigm Shift: Instruction-centered to Learning-centered

Instruction Paradigm Learning Paradigm
Improve the quality of instruction Improve the quality of learning
Transfer knowledge from faculty to students Elicit students’ discovery and construction of knowledge
Covering material Specified learning results
Faculty are primarily lecturers Faculty are primarily designers of learning
methods and environments
Any expert can teach Empowering learning is challenging and
Achieve access for diverse students Achieve success for diverse students
"Live" teacher, "live" students required "Active" learner required, but not "live" teacher

Source: Barr & Tagg, From Teaching to Learning: A New Paradigm for Undergraduate Education,
Change, November/December 1995, pp. 13-25.

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